File a Complaint
The Bureau of Financial Institutions is a division within the Virginia State Corporation Commission. The Bureau has jurisdiction over Virginia state-chartered financial institutions and certain out-of-state entities that have been granted authority to do business in the Commonwealth.
It is important to remember that the Bureau does not act as your attorney and cannot give legal advice. If a complaint involves the company's internal procedures or guidelines we will try to provide you with suggestions on other ways to pursue the complaint, such as through a consultation with a private attorney and / or initiating a court proceeding.
Who to contact regarding your complaint
The Bureau does not have the authority to assist you with complaints involving entities and individuals who are not, and are not required to be, chartered, licensed, registered, or otherwise subject to regulation or supervision by the State Corporation Commission. Some institutions are regulated by federal government agencies. For example:
- Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (phone 1-800-613-6743) or online at www.helpwithmybank.gov.
- Commercial banks having the word "National" or using the initials "N.A." (national association) in their title,
- Savings banks and savings and loan associations having the word "Federal" in their name or which use the initials FSB (federal savings bank), FSA (federal savings association), FA (federal association) or FSLA (federal savings and loan association) are organized under and subject to federal law.
- National Credit Union Administration (phone 1-800-755-1030) or online at www.ncua.gov.
- Federally regulated credit unions are similarly identified by the word "federal" in their name.
- If the complaint relates to a mortgage loan that is secured by a property outside of Virginia, you should contact that state's banking authority.
Below, you will also find a list of some of the largest institutions operating in Virginia that are regulated by other agencies. Please contact the primary regulator for that financial institution for assistance.
|Bank Name||Home State||Primary Regulator(s)|
|Bank of America, N.A.||NC||Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC) www.helpwithmybank.gov|
|Capital One Bank N.A.||VA||Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC) www.helpwithmybank.gov|
(formerly Branch Banking & Trust Co. (BB&T) and SunTrust Bank)
|NC||Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC);
North Carolina Commissioner of Banks
|Wells Fargo Bank, N.A.||SD||Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC) www.helpwithmybank.gov|
The list above is non-exhaustive. If you do not see your institution in the table above, please search the FDIC's BankFind Suite to determine what type of charter (state, national) your bank has.
If the Bureau of Financial Institutions has authority
If you have a complaint involving an entity or individual who is, or may be subject to regulation or supervision by the State Corporation Commission, please complete a complaint form. Complaint Form - PDF
Information about how the Bureau may assist you, how to file a complaint, an explanation of the complaint process, and some general complaint guidelines can be found in the Consumer Services and Complaint Information brochure.
If you are not sure if the entity with which you are dealing is regulated by the Bureau, you can Verify a License
Note: The Bureau of Financial Institutions does not currently accept complaints via email as the complaints involving institutions under our regulatory jurisdiction often involve consumer’s personal financial information.
Consumers are asked to state their complaint and provide supporting documentation, which may include bank account numbers, credit card numbers, loan account numbers, as well as the other personal information of the consumer (name, address, phone). Since complaints include this personal financial information, out of an abundance of caution we ask that all complaints either be filed via our mailing address or our fax number.